The Architectural Design Process
If you choose to enlist the services of a professionally licensed architect you can be assured they are well
versed with the standard practice of architecture which typically consists of the following phases:
Although not always necessary a client may enlist an architect to help them develop
a program for their project. This phase consists of gathering information, assembling the client’s
requirements and presenting them in an organized fashion which clearly outlines what the project
needs to provide.
Schematic Design (SD)
During this phase of the architectural design process the information that
has been obtained from the client is used to create various design options for consideration. This is
usually done with sketches and other graphic presentation materials to help the client visualize the
different directions the project could take. Preliminary cost estimates are provided at this time to
help ensure the selected design does not exceed the client’s budget.
Design Development (DD)
Once a schematic design has been agreed upon it is further refined by
working thru requested modifications and necessary revisions to make the design function properly.
Cost estimates that were established during the SD phase are revised to reflect any changes that
have been made.
Construction Documents (CD)
By this point a final design has been established and the preparation
of drawings, notes, and technical specifications necessary for bidding, construction, and permit
application begins. Contractors use these detailed drawings and specifications to prepare for the
next phase in the architectural design process.
Bidding & Negotiations
If an architect participates in the bidding phase of home construction the
client is at a great advantage. They will be able to assist the client in developing a list of qualified
contractors and help assemble comprehensive “bid packages” for the bidders to review and submit
pricing on. Architects can also assist in reviewing submitted bids, provide analysis, and help the client
compare costs from the various bidders. This phase ensures the contractors being considering for
the construction project are reading the plans and specifications correctly and are providing an
accurate bid for the project.
Once a contractor has been selected and work begins the final phase
of the architectural design process, construction administration, commences. It is during this phase
the architect helps administer the construction process to assure conformance with design intent
and the client’s vision. During the course of construction site visits are conducted at pre-determined
intervals at which time various issues can be addressed and proper direction provided.